Grassy Waters of Florida – The Everglades

We were unsure what to expect of the Everglades before our visit here.  When I thought of the Everglades, scenes of Miami Vice or CSI Miami (to be a bit more current) on an airboat, or the terrible ValueJet Flight 592 crash that occurred here in 1996, came to mind.  My imagination was quickly corrected as we drove through Everglades National Park.  Defined by water and seemingly endless prairies, it is certainly not your “typical” park.  Consisting of grassy waters, the Everglades is extremely flat, as we saw at Shark Valley.  And although it doesn’t seem like this area is in a valley, it is.  An elevation change of just 1 ft here makes a huge difference in the ecosystem, and the changes were very obvious as we drove and rode along the roads.

Everglades

But first, why is this place called the Everglades? When early explorers first viewed the Everglades long ago, they saw large fields of grass.  So they began to call it the Ever-Glades: Ever from the word forever & Glades which is an old English word that means a grassy open place.

Since we had already seen a portion of Everglades National Park while biking at Shark Valley, we came to explore further its watery wilderness.

Everglades National Park

Map of the Everglades National Park showing the main park road

Planning to spend a day in the main park, our friend Judy had suggested that the best way to do so would be to drive all the way to the end of Park Road to Flamingo, 38 miles from the entrance gate.  By stopping there and getting familiar with the park along the way, we then had a plan for what we would explore on the way back out.  Good suggestion Judy, and also thanks for reminding us to bring our lunch along!  Although there is a small cafe that is sometimes open at the Flamingo Visitor Center, you will not find another speck of food anywhere else in this huge park.

Gumbo Limbo

Gumbo Limbo lined the parking lot at Flamingo area

Steve and I were wearing shorts and t-shirts, not realizing that recent rains had caused the normally manageable mosquito population to increase.  The park ranger warned us that all trails in the area were either “muddy or buggy”, but we followed Bear Lake Trail with the hope of seeing wading birds at the lake. No birds at the lake, and we were pretty much eaten alive by the mosquitoes for our effort.  It was an uncomfortable hike through Gumbo Limbo and mangrove trees.  The Gumbo Limbo tree is otherwise known as the “tourist tree”, since its peeling red bark looks a lot like a severe sunburn. The hard wood was once used to carve merry -go-round horses and the trees provided rot-proof living fences.

We finally saw a couple of American Crocodiles, and kept our distance from them as they basked in the sun.  Unlike alligators, who rarely attack humans and are considered relatively docile if left unprovoked, crocs are more aggressive and likely wouldn’t hesitate to have me for lunch!  Their color is lighter, more gray to green, and they have a narrow tapered snout and tend to live in saltier tropical coastal waters.  Another difference is that both the lower and upper teeth are visible on a crocodile when its mouth is closed; only the upper teeth are visible on alligators.  Alligators are freshwater animals, whereas crocodiles can be found in either fresh or salt water.  OK, science lesson complete!

American Crocodile

We stayed far away from these guys, the American Crocodile

The drive through the scenic park from the Flamingo area toward the entrance gate was quite interesting.  We noticed several changes between dense hardwood tropical forest and mangroves…

Main Park Road, Everglades

…to the Dwarf Cypress forests which displayed spindly white trees…

Dwarf Cypress Forest, Everglades

Dwarf Cypress Tress, Everglades

…to the subtropical Slash Pine forest which represented the remains of what once occupied 10 times more of this area.

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Following the Pineland Trail, we noticed several trees with odd-colored patches on their trunks.  These were lichens which consist of a fungus and an algae living together.  They don’t harm the tree, but rather provide a food source for Tree Snails (which were not present that day).

Lichens

Lichens on trees

A vast area of the Everglades could be seen from horizon to horizon from the Pa-Hay-okee Overlook.

Pa-hay-okee TrailThe Everglades is a wild place to explore and see amazing wildlife.  Visitors can camp, hike, take a canoe, boat or kayak trip in a slough, or walk with the park ranger on a birding trek to get a front-seat view of the assemblage of wading birds.  Coming here fairly unprepared, we were happy to follow the Anhinga Trail to view birds up close. Making our last stop at the Anhinga Trail (it is located near the entrance gate) gave us plenty of time to hang around and watch these birds doing their thing.

Anhiga Trail

The birds here are not shy!

And they were in abundance!

The trail’s namesake – the Anhinga – is a bird that can be seen fishing and sunning itself in the trees beside the trail.  There were hundreds of them here!

Breeding Little Blue Heron

Breeding Little Blue Heron

A visit to the Everglades would be incomplete without riding on an airboat, and this is how I had imagined checking out the area all along.  So my niece Lea E. – the ultimate hostess – made sure I got to ride on one.  We glided over the river of grass, which took us to an ancient Miccosukee Indian Camp.  In the 1800’s, when most of the Miccosukee tribe were removed from the west, a few never surrendered and hid in the Everglades. They kept to themselves there for about 100 years, resisting efforts to assimilated.  But after the Tamiami Trail highway was built in 1928, the tribe began to accept many New World concepts.

Micccosukee Indian Camp

Micccosukee Indian Camp

We witnessed a scary and crazy alligator demonstration at the Indian Village, watching in awe as a tribesman kissed, wrestled and taunted an alligator.  No volunteers from the audience for this one!

Alligator Demonstration, Miccosukee Indian

Kissing an alligator – one of the many antics demonstrated

Mobile Alligator

Alligator on the move!

Baby Alligator

And here is a crazy tourist with a baby alligator – I can’t believe I did this!

The Everglades, or the grassy waters, or the river of grass, is truly a unique place.  We looked very closely and saw thousands of naturally beautiful things that are there – other than the birds!  Having experienced and enjoyed the Everglades, I now have a new visual that no longer includes scenes from Miami Vice or CSI Miami.

Next up:  Going to the Keys, baby!

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