Our first peek at Colorado’s peaks – Trinidad, CO

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From the southwestern high-desert we climbed into the mountains of Colorado, the 40th state visited on our adventure!  It’s interesting that as soon as we entered Colorado we could tell we were in a new and different place.  Leaving the wide open skies and dusty deserts of New Mexico, it was exciting to be moving into the green mountains of Colorado.

Our first stop in the Centennial State was at Trinidad State Park (Steve’s review here).  It is nestled in the southern Colorado foothills of the Culebra Range of the Sangre De Cristo Mountains.  We were happy to be surrounded by Pinon-Juniper forests and breathing fresh mountain air after so many months in the open desert.  The wonderful mountain views also made us feel like we were really back in the west again.  This was confirmed when Steve yelled in excitement upon seeing the first Safeway grocery store in three years!

Trinidad State Park

At last it’s warming up enough for a campfire!

Fishers Peak

Fisher’s Peak dominates the skyline around Trinidad

Our stay here was a bit short, so our first excursion was an-all day driving trip to explore the scenic Highway of Legends.  This beautiful area is bordered by Colorado Highway 12, and sections of U.S. Highway 160 and I-25.  The highways encircle the two majestic peaks of Southern Colorado known as the Spanish Peaks.  The land in the area was held sacred by American Indians, and the Spanish Peaks themselves were thought to be the abode of the Gods.  The lore of the area spawned the name for the very scenic HW-12, the Highway of Legends.

Highway of Legends

The beautiful mountainous drive began right outside the Trinidad State Park entry gate, where we headed west and then north.  Just a few minutes into our drive we noticed something that looked like a scene from the Roman Empire.  We discovered that the arching alcoves seen from the highway are actually the remnants of what were coke ovens used to produce smelting coal from the nearby mines in Cokedale.

Cokedale Ovens

Inactive Coke ovens that transformed coal into coke for use in smelting iron

We meandered through small mining and ranching towns, then into the San Isabel National Forest, crossing the 9,994 foot Cuchara Pass.  The almost empty 2-lane highway wound around gorgeous lakes and valleys, unique geological formations and historic features. Each point of interest had a myriad of legends from the Native Americans, Spanish Conquistadors, pioneers and traders.

Deer

A typical scene in this area

I took tons of pictures, as you might imagine.  But what is unimaginable is what happened later – after a long and tiring day I accidentally deleted ALL the pictures from this trip on my point and shoot camera!  The horror!  Sigh 😦

To say I was upset with myself is an understatement, partly because all of the shots with me in them were gone!  But the blogging must go on.  The upside is that I had far fewer pictures to wade through – only the ones on my DSLR camera – which were unfortunately mostly wide-angle shots and not my favorite close-ups.  Darn!!!

Cuchara Pass

Climbing up to Cuchara Pass

One of the most striking features along the Highway of Legends is the widespread presence of long rock “dikes” sticking out of the mountains like fortress walls.  We first saw these formations at Big Bend National Park, but here their height and length are spectacular.  Our first encounter with these geologic walls was at mile marker 37.8, near the appropriately-named town of Stonewall.

These large rock walls that rose to 250 ft. above ground are part of the Dakota Sandstone Formation created millions of years ago.  This is the point where I wish I had the images of the Dakota Wall, as it was very impressive.  We continued our drive and encountered a prime example of the 400-plus stone dikes that radiate out from the Spanish Peaks, called the Devil’s Stairsteps.

dikes along scenic highways of legend

The Devil’s Stairsteps – one of the grandest dikes in this area

The dikes are evidence of southern Colorado’s volcanic past and run outward like spokes from the Spanish Peaks.  They continue above and below ground for as far as 25 miles.  The dikes were created by the squeezing of molten rock into softer rock layers.  When these layers eroded, the harder rock was left standing like walls.  Many are more than 100 ft. high and they run all along the Highway of Legends from Stonewall to La Veta.

Devils Staircase

View of the top of the Devil’s Stairsteps – we’ve never seen a formation quite like this one

Devils Staircase

Dikes radiate out from the Spanish Peaks

Spanish Peaks

The legendary Spanish Peaks from a roadside lookout

La Veta, Colorado

The picturesque mountain town of La Veta at the foot of West Spanish Peak

We turned west once again onto highway 160 and headed toward the Great Sand Dunes. Did I mention this was to be an all-day trip?  Besides, we had to make use of the Annual National Park Pass we had recently purchased.

More breathtaking scenery awaited us on the way to the dunes.  Mount Blanca, the fifth-highest of Colorado’s fifty three 14,000 ft.-plus summits (known as the 14ers), stood majestically before us at 14,351 ft.

Mount Blanca

Mount Blanca

The Great Sand Dunes are North America’s tallest dunes, and they rest against the rugged Sangre de Cristo Mountains.  A new LiDAR mapping tool use by the park shows that the dunes contain about 6.5 billion cubic meters of sand (give or take a few grains).

Great Sand Dune Park

Approaching the Great Sand Dunes Park

Great Sand Dunes

How the dunes were – and continue to be – formed

The main dune field is a massive 30 sq. miles, and mapping shows there are five dunes over 700 ft. tall with the Star Dunes being the tallest at 755 ft.

Great Sand Dunes

Now that’s a lot of sand!

Great Sand Dunes

The specks out there are hikers

After following the nature trail and learning about the dunes we were excited about hiking up High Dunes, which was only 2.5 miles roundtrip.  Unfortunately, we didn’t realize that Medano Creek, which flows in front of the dunes’ only access, was flowing quite high. Since we weren’t equipped to cross the water in addition to making the hike (and it was getting a bit late after our 120-mile drive), we decided to skip this one.

Instead we hiked the shorter Montville Trail and another one that lead to the campground. We enjoyed great views of the dunes from across the valley, but of course those were lost with many others in my photographic blunder.

If you want to read a good first-hand account of what it’s like to hike the Big Dune, check out David and Sherry of In the Direction of Our Dreams to learn of their experience.

Great Sand Dunes

Great Sand Dunes with Mt Herard in the background and Medano Creek in the foreground

San Luis Valley

San Luis Valley on the east side of the dunes

On our way back home we saw lots of storm clouds ahead, and some lightning strikes near our destination.  Happily, the result after a long day of driving and exploring was just some much-needed rain and a free rinse for Betsy.San Luis Valley

In one day we had seen several of Colorado’s scenic and spectacular mountains, along with a lot of unique geology.  And to think we’ve covered only a part of the state’s southwestern area!

Colorado is already starting to grow on us…

Next up: Pikes Peak Region, here we come!