There was lots more to do at the Great Smoky Mountains National Park – more than I could fit into a single post. I have to say that despite going through and around the Smokies for the 10 days we were there, we barely scratched the surface. We were based near the town of Cherokee, about 5 miles from the south entrance to the park. This turned out to be a long post, so grab your favorite beverage and take your time checking out our adventures at GSMNP.
A bit of history
A visit to the Museum of the Cherokee Indians enlightened me about the plight of the Cherokee Indians in the early 1800’s. My take away from perusing through cultural and historical displays was that the Cherokee people who live in North Carolina today are referred to as the “Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians.” They are the direct descendants of those who avoided the Cherokee’s forced removal to Oklahoma in the 1830’s, also called the “Trail of Tears.” The 56,000-acre Qualla Boundary in western North Carolina adjacent to the Great Smoky Mountains National Park is their current home.
SEQUOYAH – invented the Cherokee alphabet
Cherokee’s in London – 1762
We did not encounter any live bears during our stay, but I was happy to see these critters around Cherokee that seemed harmless enough.
A Gourd Festival?
On the same day around the corner from the museum building, a Gourd Festival was in progress. I was curious, since this was the first time I had heard about this kind of festival. I saw gourds of various sizes, shapes and odd forms for sale. Crafters and gourd enthusiasts crowded the area, displaying their works of art or attending activities like hands-on gourd crafting. I was fascinated with the details and craftsmanship of the finished gourd art on display.
Gourd Art entry #72
Hitting the trails
OK, which trail are we taking?
Lets talk hiking. I understand now why the GSMNP is also called, a “hiker’s park”. As we drove through on US 441, the main north to south scenic highway, we noticed many trailhead markers along the way. With about 150 hiking trails to choose from, we were in hiking heaven! We’d been longing for some more challenging hikes with serious elevation changes, and we weren’t disappointed here.
The hikes we chose took us deep into the forestlands. Some included breathtaking views, several ran along rushing streams with cascading waterfalls, and most were adorned with millions of wildflowers that made me stop frequently for photos.
We categorized our hikes as either waterfall, vista or wildflower hikes. Below are details of just a few of the ones we chose, and we went out almost every day to explore until our legs throbbed in pain!
Waterfalls, streams and rivers abound in and around the park. I learned that many parts of the Smokies receive over 85″ of rainfall on average each year. All of that water trickles and then rushes down the mountainside, creating multiple waterfalls, streams and rivers. We loved the hikes that let us enjoy the sounds of water along most of their length. It is so green and lush everywhere.
Tom Branch Falls
Following a three-waterfall loop from Bryson City, we came upon the Juney Whank, Indian Creek and Tom Branch falls. How often do you get to see three beautiful waterfalls on one hike? We also saw several others along our driving route that day.
To reach Mingo Falls, we followed a 0.4 mile trail that included steep wooden stairs, and we were out of breath by the time we reached the top. At 120′ tall, this is one of the tallest and most spectacular waterfalls in the Smoky Mountains.
The hike to Abram Falls was about five miles roundtrip. The waterfall itself was only 20′ high, but a long and deep pool at its base creates strong currents beneath the falls. The strong undertow there was responsible for the deaths of several people.
We learned there have been more than 4 deaths here – they should make the number changeable on the sign…
The Smokies explode with wildflowers during the springtime months. It is commonly referred to as “The Wildflower National Park.” But alas, we missed many of the beauties by arriving a bit late in the season. The best time to see the hillsides carpeted with colors is April and May, but I managed to snap a few leftovers on some of the trails where the wildflowers were abundant.
To catch a few of those remaining spring wildflowers, we followed the Oconaluftee River Trail, an easy 3-mile roundtrip that began at the Oconaluftee Visitor Center and ran alongside the river. Next, we followed the 6.2-mile Smokemont Loop Trail and burned some calories on its 1,400′ ascent through creekside cove hardwood forests and drier oak- and hickory-dominated ridge tops. I was able to see a few blooms and can identify only a few and marked some with a (?).
The Icewater Shelter Trail (5.4 miles) was our first true taste of serious mountain hiking, since this trail ascends quite steeply at the beginning. Parts of it are very rocky with large boulders, and other sections follow smoother ridge lines. A few clamps of Bluets were swaying in the breeze along this trail. It is a section of the Appalachian Trail that goes to the outcropping at Charles Bunion.
The vista hikes we did were real “lung busters” and calf toners, with rewards of great panoramic mountain views. The .5-mile ascent to Clingman’s Dome, which I mentioned on my previous post, gave us a 360-degree view of the Smokies. Outside the park we tackled Whiteside Mountain in the Nantahala Forest. This mountain is a distinct landmark along the eastern Continental Divide for aviators and ground-bound folks alike. The 2-mile trail is rated difficult because of its steepness and switchbacks, which include steps placed to help negotiate the rocky slope. At the top we had a great view of South Carolina and the face of this mountain, which is prized by rock climbers. It was closed to those folks while we were there because it was nesting season for the Perigrine Falcons that return there every year.
Whiteside Mountain at Nantahala Forest
A 1.2-mile roundtrip hike to the summit at Waterrock Knob was a steep climb, gaining 412 feet in elevation. This trail begins at Milepost 451.2 on the Blue Ridge Parkway, just 18 miles from where the parkway ends at the Great Smoky Mountains Visitors Center (Milepost 469).
Blue Ridge Parkway looking east – Blue Ridge Mountains
Blue Ridge Parkway and the Smokies, looking west
After completing all of these hikes, we believe the calories we’d been carrying since leaving Florida were finally melting away, and our hiking muscles were coming back – yay! But most of all, we felt really good and reinvigorated from being back to nature and far from the noises of civilization.
Maybe wearing green for pictures isn’t such a good idea out here?
Although hiking might be the best way to enjoy the park, scenic drives are also available to those who prefer to view the mountains from the comfort of their car. In between our hiking days we took the suggested drives to Cade’s Cove Loop and the Roaring Fork Motor Nature Trail, which were about 56 miles from our home base in Cherokee. We also checked out the nearby Road to Nowhere in Bryson City.
The most popular drive, with bumper-to-bumper traffic on a one-lane 11-mile loop road, was Cade’s Cove. A “cove” in the mountains is a flat valley between mountains or ridges. Cades Cove used to be a farming community in the early 1900’s, and today this is a showcase of natural and cultural treasures preserved for generations to come.
As we drove here, we saw preserved pastureland, churches, preserved structures and some wildlife. We never saw a bear, but this cute deer caused a traffic jam on the one-way street.
Sharing the narrow road
Checking out Cade’s Cove
As the name suggests, the Roaring Form Motor Nature Trail is a nature trail viewable from your car. As we drove the 6-mile-long, one-way loop road we were essentially following Roaring Fork Creek, a stream within a series of rushing cascades. There were access points to waterfall trails, but we just drove on the road enjoying the forest. The beautiful green scenery and sounds of rushing water was so soothing that I was afraid Steve would fall asleep while driving.
Did I mention that it’s very green out here?
The Road to Nowhere
We learned about this drive from the packet of “Off the Beaten Path” information that our RV park hostess gave us. The road was originally named Lakeview Drive, but since it was never completed the residents called it “The Road to Nowhere.” In 1943 the federal government promised to build it for access to the Fontana Dam, as compensation to local residents who gave up their land for the project. Approximated 6 miles of the road, including a bridge and 1200-foot tunnel, were completed by end of 1969, but the remaining 26 miles was never finished. It is a nice scenic drive from Bryson City into GSMNP, where it dead-ends.
Walking through the dark 1,200 foot tunnel was a bit creepy.
The tunnel is closed to car traffic and can only be walked through on foot. Midway through it, I grabbed Steve’s hand as it was a bit scary walking in the dark – even though we could see light at the distant end.
Finally, a light at the end of the tunnel
While walking around Bryson City we stumbled upon a local brewery – a perfect way to end our long day of auto touring.
Back at the campground, our feathered friends provided us with entertainment as we relaxed after each long day in the mountains.
I want my snack..
Ain’t I handsome?
And that wraps up our magnificent and glorious stay at the mountains. We feel that we made the most of our time with a close-up experience of the best, nature has to offer in the Smokies.
Park Map http://www.nps.gov/grsm/planyourvisit/upload/grsmmap2-2.pdf
Trail Map http://www.nps.gov/grsm/planyourvisit/upload/trail-map_JULY13-full.pdf
For more information, visit The Great Smoky Mountain National Park’s Website!